If you were about to start thinking about a dissertation or thesis in ELT, what would you write it about?
There’s a number of ways of looking at this:
Practicality – what’s easiest and most practical to write about? How are you going to find the answers to your research questions? Is it possible to find out what you want to know?
Passion – what do you care about? There’s no point in being pushed into writing about a topic you aren’t interested in. If you’ve been teaching for a while, there’s probably something you enjoy doing in the classroom more than the rest. And if you’re going to read about it, research it and write about it for anywhere between three months and a year, you need to have a topic that can sustain you throughout that time.
Previous – has it been done before? What other research has been done in the area? Are you going to add to the general body of knowledge in the area or are you going to duplicate existing research? What can you find to help and inform your own research process?
It seems that a lot of ELT writing, research and conference presentation comes about because of a perceived lack in practice. A writer or presenter has a belief about what an aspect of professional practice should be and sees that either in their own practice or in that of colleagues around them, professional practice is not as it should be. These beliefs are therefore often highly personal and highly contextualised, but in writing about them or presenting them, the lessons learned from attempting to deal with the lack are shared with the wider ELT community.
This means that is it possible every now and again to get a snapshot of the community zeitgeist:
This word cloud (made with wordle) is from the presentation titles as given at the back of the IATEFL 2015 conference brochure. In total, it works out at over 7000 words of text and in all honesty I’m not sure how useful it is, because the word cloud doesn’t recognise the collocations or noun phrases that are so common in session titles. So I took the old-fashioned approach and skimmed through them to see what topic areas appeared most common.
My completely unscientific approach may well include my own personal frequency illusion bias, so interested readers are recommended to do the same thing themselves by downloading the brochure and referring to pages 249 – 270.
However, my thoughts are that in the ELT community we are mostly thinking about and writing about:
- Action Research & Evidence based practice
- Critical thinking in the classroom
- Corpora research and using it in the classroom
- The role of Coursebooks
- Digital materials and learning technologies
- The EdTech vs Humanistic approaches debate
- Flipping our classrooms
- Developing learner autonomy
Obviously, some of these are huge categories in their own right. Learner Autonomy has something like thirty six separate talks listed in the IATEFL brochure.
Equally, some of these are perennial debates. The role of coursebooks in the classroom, especially when contrasted with Dogme-style approaches, has been contentious since ever there were coursebooks. Proponents of humanist approaches worry that Edtech supporters tend to lose focus on the person inside the learners, while the EdTech supporters worry that the humanists….. actually I’m not sure what they worry about. Possibly that humanist approaches aren’t easily replicable or applicable in wider contexts and therefore shouldn’t be taken seriously when developing larger scale policy? Not sure. Help me out readers – how would you characterise the debate?
Anyway – it seems to me that the community zeitgeist reflects a view of what we want our classes and our learners to be, what we try to engage with in our teaching, and that we actually have a new “standard model” in ELT: digitally engaged, independent, thoughtful human beings who know what they want and how to go and get it. And their teachers.
My thanks to Dr. Andrew Kerrigan at the University of York for asking me the question and thus inspiring the post – I’d be interested to hear alternative answers to Andrew’s original question: What’s your take on some of the buzz topics in ELT writing and research these days?